Choose Language

Danger of radicalization, recognition and prevention (part one)

Article of art. Stefan Hadzhitodorov and Martin Sokolov from the Center for National Security and Defense Research

No one becomes radicalist suddenly or by birth. There are many factors that contribute to or lead to radicalization. They can be at the macro- and micro-social level as well as the individual-personality.

Danger of radicalization, recognition and prevention (part one)

One of the factors of radicalization is the sense of vulnerability from the state - the feeling in individuals or groups that they can not obtain from the state the necessary protection of their rights and legitimate interests. Radicalism is a complex process. No one becomes radicalist suddenly or by birth. There are many factors that contribute to or lead to radicalization. They can be at the macro- and micro-social level as well as the individual-personality. At the macro-social level, factors are globalization, which allows the unhindered distribution of ideologies, the smooth movement of people and means. This is due to the problems of integration of minority groups, poverty and social unpredictability. At the micro-social level, such categories as social identification, collective emotions, inter-group interaction, expropriation by the state and society are considered. At the individual level are the factors such as personality, personal experience, emotions, gender, age, etc. The role of the Internet as an important factor through which radical ideas and currents can easily be disseminated and followers can be missed. (For example, 90% of French citizens fought for DAESH are recruited on the Internet). Radicalization and terrorism leads to the complex combination of many of these factors, but the processes themselves are still not sufficiently analyzed. Education and upbringing are particularly important in the fight against radicalism and terrorism, and the recognition of early signs is key. In Bulgaria (so far) there are no explicitly expressed radical movements or Bulgarians have become part of such in other countries. However, we should not rely on the fact that Bulgaria will stay out of these risks. The psychological processes behind radicalization are often linked to external appearances. In a number of cases, such is the change of names or acceptance of aliases taken from religious texts, thus aiming to demonstrate empathy. There is also a change in appearance - change of clothing and shaving - hair and / or beard are released. Behavioral changes often start with the strive for regular contact with leaders of radical religious groups, considered to be undisputed authorities whose opinions are accepted uncritically. In the homes of radicals, dubious large quantities of propaganda materials with a final content can be found. This process is often accompanied by a change in religious practices themselves. The individual becomes considerably stricter in respecting religious practices that are fully implemented according to the canon, as well as as often as possible. In order to strictly observe these rituals, the radicalist often begins to ignore everyday activities such as going to school or work. Another typical feature is visiting websites and forums with radical content. In this space, the individual satisfies his need to share his ultimate ideas. In these environments he finds adherents and other people who could potentially radicalize. In the process of radicalization there is also a change in the pattern of trips and stays in specific places, where residents share the final views. In most cases these are countries, regions of the country or neighborhoods where the ideology is widely accepted and practiced freely. In this way, the person can unconditionally demonstrate his or her commitment to the community or group concerned. The praise of martyrdom is also a sign of radicalization [1]. The person no longer seeks only justification for their possible actions but perceives processes as a personal path and vocation. Muslim Radicalism leaders skillfully blame ordinary Muslims for not being good enough Muslims and succumbing to modern times. Sometimes the process of radicalization is also characterized by minor crimes. They are not for material benefit but are intended to demonstrate disrespect to established rules in societies. This often grows into disregard for secular authority and the norms of regulating public relations by demonstrating disrespect for it. (following PART TWO).

See the entire article here.